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St. Joseph Catholic Church Kaupo Maui Hawaii
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St. Joseph Catholic Church Kaupō Maui Hawaii was established in 1862 and is one of the oldest Catholic churches on Maui. It was Bishop Louis Maigret who blessed the Church on June 29, 1862. St. Joseph is a Mission of St. Mary’s Church in Hana. St. Joseph is located on a promontory high above the Pacific Ocean.
A promontory is a prominent mass of land that overlooks lower-lying land or a body of water (where it may be called a peninsula or headland). Most promontories either are formed from a hard ridge of rock that has resisted the erosive forces that have removed the softer rock to the sides of it, or are the high ground that remains between two river valleys where they form a confluence. Kaupō is one of the moku (districts) of ancient Hawaii on the island of Maui. - Information source: Wikipedia
Kaupō . . Quadrangle . once a fishing village . moku / district . homesteads . trail . gap . East Maui . Maui hikina . . Kaupō is Wahipana (a special place) for Hawaiians. In the early 1900s many families lived in Kaupō .
"The early Mauians had many names for different parts of the crater. Some places had two names; sometimes one name served more than one place. Thus there is duplication of use of the name Haleakalā , for besides being the name of the entire volcano, it is also applied to the peak on the rim west of Kaupō Gap.
Dr. Kenneth Emory made an extensive archeological survey of Haleakala Crater in 1920. He records 58 stone terraces and platforms, 9 groups of open stone shelters, hundreds of ahu, and the paved trail of Kihapiilani.
"On the north wall above Paliku is a rock, Pohaku Palaha or Broad Rock, which is called the "hub of East Maui." Boundary lines radiating from it mark off the pie-shaped land divisions, ahupuaa, that extend in all directions to the shores of the ocean.
In earliest (Honomanu) time, about the beginning of the Ice Ages, a symmetrical shield like Mauna Loa was built of pahoehoe and aa basalts 8,500 feet above present sea-level. During the next (Kula) cycle, eruptions were more explosive in nature; flows were composed of more viscous andesite between which layers of ash and soil accumulated. Big cinder cones and extensive ash beds were formed at this time. Like Mauna Kea today, the Honomanu dome was capped by a craterless mound of cinders, 2,500 feet high, that was studded with many lesser cones. The summit was a mile east of the present top on Red Hill and a thousand feet higher than it is today.
As Kula eruptions declined and grew less frequent, running water cut deeply into the sides of the mountain and excavated four great valleys, Keanae, Kaupo, Kipahulu, and Waihoi, that had broad heads, thousands of feet deep. Numerous lesser valleys were later to be buried more or less by lava flows. Most of the eastern summit ridge was worn away; Kaupō and Keanae Valleys met near the summit and fused into a great depression like that near the head of Iao Valley today. At one time, a great flow of mud, probably triggered by an earthquake, swept all before it as it moved down Kaupo Valley into the sea. Its remnants today are 350 feet deep at Puu Maneoneo near the coastal road. A similar mass movement of rock on soft mud was started by an earthquake on April 2, 1868 at Wood Valley, west of the Kilauea Section of Hawaii National Park; the flow, in its precipitous descent, buried a village with 31 people and more than 500 head of stock.
In recent times, volcanism again quickened at Haleakalā giving the third Hanā series of volcanics. This veneered the east and west slopes of the volcano, covered the floor of the depression, and pushed great lava flows through Koolau and Kaupo Gaps to the sea. Large flows and cones mask the divide that delimited the two great valleys. During Hana time, the northern rift alone remained inactive. The most recent activity, dated by Hawaiian legend as 1750, is represented by two bare, black flows above La Perouse Bay, the southwest corner of the island.
Haleakalā Crater 7 miles long and 2-1/2 miles wide is locally proclaimed the largest extinct crater on earth, but the claim like the name is inaccurate, Nevertheless, it possesses a most unusual geological origin and beauty that give it a worthy place among the National Parks." Information source: read more on http://www.nps.gov
"Haleakalā Crater is a large erosional valley at the summit of Haleakalā volcano East Maui. It formed after the rimrock lava flows were erupted around the top of the volcano about 145,000 years ago, give or take about 10,000 years. Determined by the potassium-argon method of dating, this age and other supporting evidence were newly obtained by scientists from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and their colleagues at Kyoto University, Japan. An interpretation first offered in the 1940s is that the crater formed as two large valleys coalesced from the south and north flanks of the volcano. The canyon openings Ko`olau and Kaupō Gap expanded into the summit area along the main rift zone that crosses the volcano. Kaupō Gap on the south flank probably originated when a large section of the mountain slid southward. The resulting debris-flow deposit - a large landslide - is exposed in sea cliffs about 9 km (6 miles) south of the crater in the Kaupō area. A lava flow that overlies the debris flow at the 100-m (340-ft) elevation is about 120,000 years old. The eastern segment of Haleakalā Crater , which opens southward through Kaupō Gap , must therefore have formed largely in the time between 145,000 and 120,000 years ago." Information source: http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/
So . . as you can see . there is so much more to this beautiful area interesting to note to give you a sense of place and time . .
St. Joseph Church Kaupō Maui Hawaii
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February 26th, 2014
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