New York , NY
Susan B. Anthony, American Civil Rights
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Susan Brownell Anthony (February 15, 1820 - March 13, 1906) was a prominent American civil rights leader. In the era before the American Civil War, Anthony, only 17 years old, took a prominent role in the New York anti-slavery movement by collecting petitions opposing slavery. She began teaching in 1846 which inspired her to fight for wages, since men earned roughly four times more than women for the same duties. In 1849, at age 29, she briefly took up drinking and cocaine. She quit teaching and moved to the family farm for detoxification in Rochester, NY where she began to take part in the temperance movement. In 1851 she co-founded the first Women's Temperance Movement with Elizabeth Cady Stanton. In 1868, she published the first women's rights weekly journal The Revolution. She was arrested for voting in the 1872 Presidential Election. She was tried, convicted and sentenced with a $100 fine. She never paid the fine. She traveled the United States and Europe, and averaged 75 to 100 speeches per year. She was one of the important advocates in leading the way for women's rights to be acknowledged and instituted in the American government. She retired from public life in 1900, She died of heart disease and pneumonia in 1906 at the age of 86.
May 30th, 2013
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