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Andre Jacques Garnerins Parachute 1797
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The first parachute used by Jacques Garnerin to land in Parc Mousseaux, October 22, 1797. Three technical illustrations show Calotte du parachute (crown of deployed parachute); Parachute ploy�, � l'instant du d�parte (release from ascending balloon); and Parachute d�ploy�, � l'instant de la s�paration d'avec le ballon (separation when it becomes fully deployed). Andr�-Jacques Garnerin (January 31, 1769 - August 18, 1823) was a balloonist, inventor of the frameless parachute, and Official Aeronaut of France. A student of the ballooning pioneer professor Jacques Charles, he was involved with the flight of hot air balloons, and worked with his brother Jean-Baptiste-Olivier Garnerin (1766-1849) in most of his ballooning activities. He began experiments with early parachutes based on umbrella-shaped devices and carried out the first parachute descent (in the gondola) with a silk parachute on October 22, 1797 at Parc Monceau, Paris. He visited England in 1802, with his wife Jeanne Genevi�ve, during the Peace of Amiens and the couple completed a number of demonstration flights. He died in 1823, at the age of 54, in a construction accident when he was hit by a beam while making a balloon in Paris.
June 5th, 2014
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