Stalowa Wola, Poland
49.000 x 72.000 inches
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Painting - Digital Painting
The European bison (Bison bonasus),or the European wood bison, is a Eurasian species of bison. It is the heaviest surviving wild land animal in Europe; a typical European bison is about 2.1 to 3.1 m (7 to 10 ft) long, not counting a tail of 30 to 60 cm (12 to 24 in) long, and 1.6 to 2 m (5 to 7 ft) tall. Weight typically can range from 300 to 920 kg (660 to 2,000 lb), with an occasional big bull to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or more. It averages slightly lighter in weight than the American Bison (Bison bison), and has shorter hair on the neck, head and forequarters, but longer tail and horns.
European bison were hunted almost to extinction in the wild, but they survived in Białowieża Forest, straddling the border between Belarus and Poland, until the 1920s and have since been reintroduced from captivity into several countries in Europe, all descendants of the Białowieża or lowland European bison. They are now forest-dwelling. They have few predators (besides humans), with only scattered reports from the 19th century of wolf and bear predation. European bison were first scientifically described by Carolus Linnaeus in 1758. Some later descriptions treat the European bison as conspecific with the American bison. It is not to be confused with the aurochs, the extinct ancestor of domestic cattle.
In 1996 the IUCN classified the European bison as an endangered species. It has since been downgraded to a vulnerable species. In the past it was commonly killed to produce hides and drinking horns, especially during the Middle Ages.
Currently the population of bison in the world there are about 4400 individuals, of which 1200 live in Poland in Bialowieza Forest, Borecka Forest, Forest squeaks, Romincka Forest, Forest Knyszynska .
My illustrations and textures http://www.canstockphoto.com/stock-image-portfolio/andy551
December 8th, 2012
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