New York , NY
Broken Arm With Metal Pin, X-ray
Photograph - Photograph
Color enhanced X-ray of a broken arm with a metal pin introduced into the marrow cavity in order to strengthen the bone. Wire may also be wound around the bone to assist it to set straight, and metal plates also may assist correct healing in the case of a spiral or comminuted fracture. The surgeon uses anesthesia to relax the muscles and x-ray equipment to help align the bones. A surgeon exposes the fracture to see and manipulate the fragments with special instruments. Then, the bone fragments are securely fixed using some combination of metal wires, pins, screws, rods, and plates. This procedure is called open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Metal plates are contoured and fixed to the outside of the bone with screws. Metal rods are inserted from one end of the bone into the marrow cavity. These implants are made of stainless steel, high-strength alloy metal, or titanium. Circa 1980's.
March 13th, 2013
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