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The 1919 Revolution
In the wake of World War I, the Egyptian Delegation party, known as the Wafd,was formed and headed by Saad Zaghlul; it became the mail party pressing the nationalist cause from that point onward. The Wafd requested the British High Commissioner, Reginald Wingate, to allow members of the party to attend the Paris Peace Conference in order to appeal for Egypt?s right to self-determination, in accordance with the principle newly declared by the American President Woodrow Wilson on the right of all peoples to self-determination. Wingate, however, refused to give them permission, claiming that they did not represent the Egyptian people in any official capacity. Therefore, Zaghloul printed up thousands of powers of attorney to be signed by ordinary Egytpians and distributed nationwide. Zaghlul sent a telegram to president Wilson requesting his support of the Egyptian cause. Meanwhile, the powers of attorney campaign proved a huge success. A series of telegrams were delivered at the sultani diwan with thousands of signatures expressing support of Zaghlul. As a result, Wingate was greatly disquieted by the emergence of this new Egyptian leadership, for the nationalist cause had lacked a popular and unified leader since the death of Mustafa Kamel and the exile of Mohammed Farid. Thus, Wingate arrested some of the Wafd members and sent them to Port Said on 8 March 1919. From there, a military vessel deported them to Malta.
May 2nd, 2010
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