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Chamaeleo Jacksonii Ulupalakua Maui Hawaii
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. also called Jacksons Chameleon - the Rostral and Preocular Horns indicate he is a male . .
Chamaeleo Jacksonii or Jackson's Chameleon, also called Three-horned Chameleon) is an African chameleon belonging to the chameleon family (Chamaeleonidae).
There are three subspecies:
* Chamaeleo jacksonii jacksonii Boulanger 1896 : Jackson's Chameleon
* Chamaeleo jacksonii merumontanus Rand 1958 : Dwarf Jackson's Chameleon
* Chamaeleo jacksonii xantholophus Eason, Ferguson & Hebrard 1988 : Yellow-crested Jackson's Chameleon
They are native to the humid, cooler regions of Kenya and Tanzania, East Africa, found in great numbers at altitudes over 3,000 m. The subspecies merumontanus can only be found on Mount Meru and the Arusha Region of Tanzania. The subspecies xantholophus was introduced to Hawaii in the 1970s and has since established populations on all main islands. This population was the primary source of Jackson's Chameleons for the exotic pet trade. However, the exportation of these animals (and many others) from Hawaii for the pet trade has been made illegal to prevent opportunists from willfully establishing further feral animal populations in order to capture and sell them.
These are small to medium sized chameleons. Their adult size is 12 inches (30 cm) in total length. They have a saw-tooth shaped dorsal ridge. There is no gullar crest. They attain sexual maturity after five months. The lifespan is variable, with males generally living longer than females.
Most chameleons are oviparous, but Jackson's Chameleon gives birth to live offspring: 8 to 30 live young are born after a five to six month gestation. The subspecies merumontanus gives birth to 5-10 live young.
They are sometimes called Three-horned Chameleons because males possess three brown horns: one on the nose (the rostral horn) and one above each superior orbital ridge above the eyes (preocular horns), somewhat reminiscent of Triceratops. The female generally have no horns, or traces of the rostral horn - information source Wikipedia
Ulupalakua Maui Hawaii
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August 18th, 2010
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