Cornelian Cherry. Cornus Mas. European Cornel
Photograph - Photo
Cornelian cherry. Cornus mas. European cornel
Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry or European cornel), (Armenian: հոն, Persian: ذغال اخته, Turkish: Kızılcık, Azerbaijani: Zoğal)， Chinese: 山茱萸, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to southern Europe, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Iran and southwest Asia.
It is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5-12 m tall, with dark brown branches and greenish twigs. The leaves are opposite, 4-10 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, with an ovate to oblong shape and an entire margin. The flowers are small (5-10 mm diameter), with four yellow petals, produced in clusters of 10-25 together in the late winter, well before the leaves appear. The species is also grown as an ornamental plant for its late winter flowers, which open earlier than those of forsythia, and, while not as large and vibrant as those of the forsythia, the entire plant can be used for a similar effect in the landscape. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 2 cm long and 1.5 cm in diameter, containing a single seed.
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January 30th, 2013
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