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Depression In The 20th Century - 2
Photograph - Fusion Photography
This is the second print in the series on Depression in the 20th Century. While there is conflict with respect to the etiology of the depression it has been written that there were several causes for the downturn in the 30s. Wikipedia states that:
hese include the structural weaknesses and specific events that turned it into a major depression and the manner in which the downturn spread from country to country. In relation to the 1929 downturn, historians emphasize structural factors like major bank failures and the stock market crash. In contrast, monetarist economists (such as Barry Eichengreen, Milton Friedman and Peter Temin) point to monetary factors such as actions by the US Federal Reserve that contracted the money supply, as well as Britain's decision to return to the gold standard at pre–World War I parities (US$4.86:£1). Recessions and business cycles are thought to be a normal part of living in a world of inexact balances between supply and demand. What turns a normal recession or 'ordinary' business cycle into a depression is a subject of much debate and concern. Scholars have not agreed on the exact causes and their relative importance. The search for causes is closely connected to the issue of avoiding future depressions.Thus, the personal political and policy viewpoints of scholars greatly color their analysis of historic events occurring eight decades ago. An even larger question is whether the Great Depression was primarily a failure on the part of free markets or a failure of government efforts to regulate interest rates, curtail widespread bank failures, and control the money supply. Those who believe in a larger economic role for the state believe that it was primarily a failure of free markets, while those who believe in a smaller role for the state believe that it was primarily a failure of government that compounded the problem. Current theories may be broadly classified into two main points of view and several heterodox points of view. There are demand-driven theories, most importantly Keynesian economics, but also including those who point to the breakdown of international trade, and Institutional economists who point to underconsumption and over-investment (causing an economic bubble), malfeasance by bankers and industrialists, or incompetence by government officials. The consensus among demand-driven theories is that a large-scale loss of confidence led to a sudden reduction in consumption and investment spending. Once panic and deflation set in, many people believed they could avoid further losses by keeping clear of the markets. Holding money became profitable as prices dropped lower and a given amount of money bought ever more goods, exacerbating the drop in demand'. While I am not in a position to comment objectively about the comments made by these authors in WikiPedia I can create art that demonstrates my sense of the time. This is such a piece. It respresents a 'fused' photography piece that contains elements in the weekly "History of the 20th Century" which focuses on Depression in society politics, and literature. I found the image of the English woman with children particularly disturbing. The work is an attempt to present a 'print' like piece or silk screened art. Let me know what you think.
January 19th, 2013
Viewed 100 Times - Last Visitor from London, H9 - United Kingdom on 09/04/2014 at 1:51 PM
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