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Four Humors Hippocratic Medicine
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Caption "Four Humors, from Book of Alchemy by Thurn-Heisser, Leipzig, Germany (1574)." Illustrating the four humors with a half male and half female figure. Humorism was a belief that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids known as humors in a person directly influences their temperament and health. From Hippocrates onward, the humoral theory was adopted by Greek, Roman and Persian physicians, and became the most commonly held view of the human body among European physicians until the advent of modern medical research in the nineteenth century. The four humors of Hippocratic medicine are black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood, and each corresponds to one of the traditional four temperaments. Four temperaments is a belief that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable), choleric (ambitious and leader-like), melancholic (analytical and literal), and phlegmatic (relaxed and thoughtful).
June 16th, 2014
Viewed 36 Times - Last Visitor from Duisburg, 07 - Germany on 01/26/2015 at 12:57 PM
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