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Gurnsey In The Window
Drawing - Pencil/watercolor
The Guernsey is a breed of cattle used in dairy farming. It is fawn in colour with white markings, and is particularly renowned for the rich flavour of its milk, as well as its hardiness and docile disposition.The milk has a golden colour due to an exceptionally high content of beta carotene. Beta-carotene is a source of Vitamin A, which has been touted to help reduce the risks of certain cancers. The milk also has a high butterfat content of 5% and a high protein content of 3.7%. Guernsey cows produce around 6000 litres per cow per annum. In the US Guernsey cows average 16,200 pounds of milk per year with 4.5% fat and 3.2% protein. Guernsey cattle are known to produce the highest percentage of A2 milk of all breeds of dairy cattle.From the 1950s to the early 1970s, Golden Guernsey trademark milk was sold in the US and Canada as a premium product. The golden color produced by beta carotene bound to the fat in the milk was the main marketing point and the source of the brand name. Only milk from Guernsey cows could be marketed under the Golden Guernsey trademark. The advent of homogenisation and various changes to the way milk was priced and marketed spelled the end of Golden Guernsey branded milk. The trademark is still maintained today by the American Guernsey Association and is in use by various small-scale dairies around the country. GG Golden Guernsey Dairy of Milwaukee, WI, originally owned by Foremost Farms (and now Dean Foods), retained the Golden Guernsey name long after they discontinued selling 100% Guernsey milk. The milk they sell today is produced primarily by Holstein cattle.As its name implies, the Guernsey was bred on the British Channel Island of Guernsey. It is believed to be descended from two breeds brought over from nearby France, Isigny cattle from Normandy and the Froment du Léon from Brittany. The Guernsey was first recorded as a separate breed around 1700. In 1789, imports of foreign cattle into Guernsey were forbidden by law to maintain the purity of the breed although some cattle evacuated from Alderney during World War II were merged into the breed.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey_cattle)The Isle of Guernsey, a tiny island in the English Channel off the coast of France, is the birthplace of the Guernsey cow. About 960 A.D., besieged by buccaneeres and sea rovers, the Island came to the attention of Robert Duke of Normandy. He sent a group of militant monks to educate the natives to cultivate the soil and defend the land. The monks brought with them the best bloodlines of French cattle -- Norman Brindles, also known as Alderneys, from the province of Isigny and the famous Froment du Leon breed from Brittany -- and developed the Guernsey.
Introduction of the Guernsey to America occurred around September 1840, when Captain Belair of the Schooner Pilot brought three Alderney cows to the port of New York. Later, Captain Prince imported two heifers and a bull from the Island. These animals were the original stock of a great majority of the Guernseys that make up the national Guernsey herd today. With the understanding that positive identification is crucial to preserving the purity of the breed, a group of Guernsey breeders founded the American Guernsey Cattle Club in 1877. Since then, the organization has registered over 3 million Guernseys. Now the American Guernsey Association, the national organization for the registration and promotion of Guernsey cattle, has introduced many other programs for the advancement of the breed. (http://www.usguernsey.com/history.htm)All work in this gallery is the original work of Elizabeth Briggs. It is for sale, copyrighted to © Elizabeth Briggs and, as such, is protected by US and International Copyright laws. No copying, reproduction or use of images is allowed without my written permission.WATERMARKS WILL NOT APPEAR ON PRINTS.
February 20th, 2013
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