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Herman Boerhaave, Dutch Physician
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Herman Boerhaave ( December 31, 1668-September 23, 1738) was a Dutch botanist, humanist and physician of European fame. He is regarded as the founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital. His main achievement was to demonstrate the relation of symptoms to lesions. In addition, he was the first to isolate the chemical urea from urine. His motto was Simplex sigillum veri; Simplicity is the sign of truth. His reputation increased the fame of the University of Leiden, as a school of medicine. All the princes of Europe sent him pupils, who found in this skillful professor not only an indefatigable teacher, but an affectionate guardian. In 1714, when he was appointed rector of the university and in this capacity introduced the modern system of clinical instruction. Four years later he was appointed to the chair of chemistry. In 1728 he was elected into the French Academy of Sciences, and two years later into the Royal Society of London. In 1729 declining health obliged him to resign the chairs of chemistry and botany; and he died, after a lingering and painful illness in 1738 at the age of 69.
March 7th, 2013
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