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9.000 x 12.000 x 0.240 inches
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In The Canyon
Painting - Oil On Masonite Panel
Apsaroke woman scraping hide that is secured to the ground by numerous stakes, tipi in background. This painting is inspired by a photograph taken by Edward Curtis around the turn of the century.
The Crow, also called the Aps�ooke in their own Siouan language, or Absaroka, are indigenous peoples of the Great Plains, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River. Today, they are enrolled in the federally recognized Crow Tribe of Montana.
Pressured by the better armed Ojibwas and Crees, they had migrated there from the Ohio Eastern Woodland area via a southwest move to settle south of Lake Winnipeg, Canada. In turn, they were pushed to the west by the Cheyennes. Both the Crow and the Cheyennes were then pushed further west by the Lakota (Sioux), who took over the territory from the Black Hills of South Dakota to the Big Horn Mountains of Montana.
Since the 19th century, Crow people have been concentrated on a reservation established south of Billings, Montana. They also live in several major, mainly western, cities. Tribal headquarters are located at Crow Agency, Montana.
The name of the tribe, Apsaroke, meaning "children of the large-beaked bird", was a name given by the Hidatsa, a neighboring Siouan tribe. The bird, perhaps now extinct, was defined as a fork-tailed bird resembling the blue jay or magpie. French interpreters translated the name as gens du corbeaux (people of [the] crows), and they became known in English as the Crow. In 1743 the Absaroka encountered their first people of European descent, the two La Vandrye brothers from French Canada. The explorers called the Apsaroke beaux hommes (handsome men). The Crow called the French Canadians baashche (persons with yellow eyes).
Their tribal territory stretched from what is now Yellowstone National Park and the headwaters of the Yellowstone River (E-chee-dick-karsh-ah-shay" Elk River") in the west, north to the Musselshell River, then northeast to the Yellowstone's mouth at the Missouri River, then southeast to the confluence of the Yellowstone and Powder Rivers (Bilap chashee" Powder River" or "Ash River"), south along the South Fork of the Powder River, confined in the SE by the Rattlesnake Mountains and westwards in the SW by the Wind River Range. Their tribal area included the river valleys of the Judith River (Buluhpa'ashe "Plum River"), Powder River, Tongue River, Big Horn River and Wind River as well as the Bighorn Mountains (Iisiaxphee Isawaxaaw Pryor Mountains (Baahpuuo Isawaxaaw Wolf Mountains (Cheetiish�"Wolf Teeth Mountains") and Absaroka Range (also called Absalaga Mountains).
January 24th, 2013
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