48.000 x 36.000 x 0.750 inches
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Neg Mawon Haiti 1791
Painting - Oil On Canvas
"Neg Mawon" is the Haitian Creole for English: "Black Maroon"; French translation: "Le Negre Marron". Maroon is a fugitive runaway slave. We, Haitian artists could be the story teller of our History. We can preserve memory in visual art. This memory may be atrocious, utterly revolting. It could be a flagrant human injustice. Slaves were brought from Africa to America and the Caribbean Islands. Slaves were property of the slave owner. Slaves ran away for many different reasons; mostly for mistreatments. Haitian slaves ran away because they rebelled against slavery. Those rebellions started since 1791. Haiti became independent in 1804 after a successful revolt against France; Haiti then became a new nation. The maroon is armed with his machete; the same one used to cut sugarcane in the sugarcane plantation. The maroons live on mountaintops, and created independent settlements, (Le Marronage). Dogs were trained for chasing the maroons. Those dogs fed upon black flesh. Those dogs were trained and imported from Cuba. According to our History, these canine warfare techniques were employed in Haiti from 1791 to 1803. In this painting, this unknown maroon is defending his family. He already killed one dog. One lookout for dogs is on a tree branch.
A statue, "Le Negre Marron", referred as "Unknown Slave", is on the grass, outside the fence, in front of the Presidential Palace, in Haiti. After the January 2010 earthquake, the palace was destroyed; but the statue was untouched.
August 7th, 2011
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