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Schauenstein - A Typical Upper-franconian Town
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© Christine Till
Schauenstein is a typical,small,upper-Franconian town in Bavaria, Germany. First mentioned in the year 1230, it was declared "city" in 1291 under the Knights of Wolfstriegel. They sold the place in 1386 to the Burgrafs of Nuremberg (Nürnberg). In the 1807 Peace Treaty of Tilsit, Schauenstein, together with the Prussian Principality of Bayreuth, were passed on to France - and came to Bavaria in 1810.
After the end of World War II in 1945, Schauenstein belonged to the American zone of occupation, and the American military administration established a so-called DP Camp to house Jewish Displaced Persons (DP). A grave-field with plaque in the village cemetery reminds of 31 prisoners who were victims of NAZI tyranny and are buried there. At times, doctor Josef Mengele was hiding in Schauenstein.
The rock formations 'Anticipating Virgin' and 'Sleeping Giant' are considered Schauenstein's natural attractions. Its architectural monument are an impressive medieval castle from the 13th century, its Evangelical Lutheran parish church, and its market place.
During its long history Schloss Schauenstein was more than once severely damaged, but again and again restored and expanded. It houses the castle church, the Schauensteiner Local History Museum and part of the fire brigade Museum. The neu-gothic Evangelical Lutheran parish church, built in the 15th century, rebuilt in the 19th century, holds a large mural from the 16th century, displaying St. Christophorus. Schauenstein's marketplace is a protected historical monument.
Schauenstein's cuisine is Franconian down to Earth, with a wide selection of roast with potato dumplings, as well as carp and venison. There are also snacks with sausage and ham specialities. "Schnitz und Baggala", a vegetable soup with potato pancakes, is a Schauenstein specialty rarely available in restaurants.
December 31st, 2012
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