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Salt Lake City
From Wikipedia ( View original Wikipedia Article ) Last modified on 14 May 2013, at 15:09
This article is about the capital of Utah. For other uses, see Salt Lake City (disambiguation).
Salt Lake City
City of Salt Lake City
From top left: The skyline in July 2011, the Salt Lake Temple, Utah State Capitol, TRAX, the City and County Building, Union Pacific Depot and the Block U.
Nickname(s): "The Crossroads of the West"
Location of Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County, Utah
Salt Lake City is located in United States
Salt Lake City, Utah
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°45′0″N 111°53′0″W
Country United States
County Salt Lake
Mayor Ralph Becker (D)
State Capital 110.4 sq mi (285.9 km2)
Land 109.1 sq mi (282.5 km2)
Water 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Elevation 4,226 ft (1,288 m)
State Capital 189,899 (US: 123rd)
Density 1,666/sq mi (643.3/km2)
Metro 1,145,905 (48th in U.S.)
Demonym Salt Laker
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 385, 801
FIPS code 49-67000
GNIS feature ID 1454997
Salt Lake City, often shortened to Salt Lake or SLC, is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. With a population of 189,899 as of the 2011 estimate,[unreliable source?] the city lies in the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a total population of 1,175,905. Salt Lake City is further situated in a larger urban area known as the Wasatch Front, which has a population of 2,328,299. It is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin (the other being Reno, Nevada), and the largest in the Intermountain West.
The city was founded in 1847 by Brigham Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and several other Mormon followers, who extensively irrigated and cultivated the arid valley. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was originally named "Great Salt Lake City"the word "great" was dropped from the official name in 1868. Although Salt Lake City is still home to the headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), less than half the population of Salt Lake City proper are members of the LDS Church today.
Immigration of international LDS members, mining booms, and the construction of the first transcontinental railroad initially brought economic growth, and the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. It was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913, and presently two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has since developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based primarily on skiing, and hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. It is the industrial banking center of the United States.
September 19th, 2012
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