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The Apple Tree On The Hill
Debra and Dave Vanderlaan
Photograph - Photography
An old cottage at the top of a rural community, abandoned in the countryside of Oregon about 20 miles east of the coast. The family must have planted the apple tree years ago and now it stands as a guard over the vintage clapboard house...
Clapboard siding got its name from the Dutch klappen, meaning "to split". It was originally split by hand from logs in a radial manner. Later, the boards were radially sawn in a mill.
Clapboards can be cut from trees two different ways: flat-grain boards or vertical-grain boards. Flat-grain boards are to be cut tangent to the annual growth rings of the tree, and vertical-grain boards are to be quartersawn or cut at right angles of the annual growth rings of the lumber. The more commonly used boards in New England are vertical-grain boards. Depending on the diameter of the log, cuts are made from 4 1/2" to 6 1/2" deep the full length of the log. Each time the log turns for the next cut, it is rotated 5/8" until it is rotated a full 360 degrees. This gives the clapboard its taper and true vertical grain.
Traditionally timber clapboard was used without a finish, relying upon good air circulation and the use of 'semi-hardwoods' which would keep the boards from rotting. These boards eventually go grey as the tannins are washed out from the timber. More recently clapboard has been tarred or painted; traditionally black or white due to locally occurring minerals or pigments. In modern clapboard these colours remain popular, but with a hugely wider variety due to chemical pigments and stains. In some conditions clapboards may consist of uPVC boards (known as vinyl siding in the U.S.), or other man-made materials. Recently there has been a much greater use of untreated timber cladding, using woods like Sweet Chestnut or Douglas Fir, with a well-ventilated cavity. With robust detailing this clapboard can last for decades.
December 13th, 2012
Viewed 294 Times - Last Visitor from Beverly Hills, CA on 07/24/2014 at 11:21 PM
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