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The Horizontal Mill
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The Reagan mill is a standard tub mill, with a flume redirecting water from Roaring Fork to power a tub-wheel turbine. The turbine turns a grindstone which breaks down corn and wheat into cornmeal and flour. Reagan's mill was well-designed and well-positioned. It is said that when other mills lacked sufficient water power due to low water levels, Reagan's mill would continue to operate.
Many early colonists built both tub mills and vertical mills. A "TUB MILL" was the most primitive type of mill, with its water wheel inside the building itself. The wheel was mounted on the same shaft as the turning runner millstone. The wheel was placed in a tub to cut down on the waste of water. Since the wheel is set parallel to the ground, a tub mill was classified as a "HORIZONTAL MILL." The water was funneled through a flume to the blades on the water wheel and the sheer force of the moving water made the wheel turn. The main shaft and the runner millstone mounted on it turned at the same speed as the water wheel. This unsophisticated system was also called a "GREEK MILL," "NORSE MILL" or "SWEDE'S MILL." This type of mill could be easily transported to a better site if the water power proved inadequate.
March 1st, 2012
Viewed 63 Times - Last Visitor from Dallas, TX on 01/13/2014 at 12:18 PM
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