New York , NY
Tobacco In Aztec Ritual, Florentine
Photograph - Photograph
Plate from the Florentine Codex. Idol dressed to represent a god holds a smoking cane cigarette in his left hand.Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), or picietl in nahuatl, was also used among the Aztecs. This plant was identified on the Xochipilli statue as well as on other items such as snuff boxes. The Aztec smoked and chewed tobacco, and possibly drank infusions of the plant to induce visions. Certain rites and ceremonies required the use of tobacco. The Florentine Codex is the common name given to a 16th century ethnographic research project in Mesoamerica by Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagun. Bernardino originally titled it La Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva Espana (in English the General History of the Things of New Spain). It consists of 2400 pages organized into twelve books with over 2000 illustrations drawn by native artists providing vivid images of this era. It documents the culture, religious cosmology, ritual practices, society, economics, and natural history of the Aztec people. This image has been color enhanced.
July 7th, 2014
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