Mycoplasma genitalium, coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM). M. genitalium has the smallest genome (total genetic material) of all living organisms. Its genome was mapped in 1993, making it the second complete bacterial genome to be sequenced. In January 2008, a team at the J. Craig Venter Institute, USA, used this map to make a synthetic bacterial chromosome, called M. laboratorium, from scratch. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA contains sections (genes) that encode the cell's structure and function. The new chromosome, containing only the genes needed for life, was then inserted into a M. genitalium bacterium with its genome removed. Having a different chromosome changes the bacterium's...
About the Artist -
Science Photo Library was founded in 1981 by Michael Marten, one of the authors of "Worlds Within Worlds", a book exploring different ways to observe the universe - from electron micrographs, to images of earthrise taken from the Apollo spacecraft. When Marten started receiving requests for the beautiful images in the book, he had an idea of setting up Science Photo Library.
Since then, Science Photo Library has continued to work alongside world acclaimed photographers and the leading science and medical experts to provide a central source of the best science and specialist imagery available. Although the collection started with scientific images, it has grown to encompass all aspects of science and their impact on everyday life.
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