Color enhanced historical diagram illustrating the grafting of Aristotelian theory onto the Christian version of the cosmos. Aristotle (384-322 BC) developed an early model of the cosmos based on the concept of uniform circular motion. To account for the motions of the stars, sun, moon, and the five known planets, his model used 56 spherical shells each centered on the earth. These shells were divided into two regions the realm of change near the earth and the eternally unchanging heavens. The realm of change consisted of spheres of each of the four classical elements earth, water, air, and fire. The heavens were made of an unchangeable, transparent material called the ether. Due to the influence of Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas...
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