The role of the railway in the Final Solution
Entrance, or so-called "death gate", to Auschwitz II-Birkenau, the extermination camp, in 2006
Within various phases of the Holocaust, the trains were used differently:
After economic discrimination and separation, trains were used to concentrate the populations, either in ghettos, or�more often�to transport them to forced labour or concentration camps
After concentration within ghettos, to transport the inmates to death camps
The scale of the extermination of members of groups targeted in the Final Solution was therefore only dependent on two factors:
The capacity of the death camps to murder victims and process bodies
The capacity of the railways to transport the...
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