Iron mask, collar, leg shackles and spurs used to restrain slaves around 1807.
A period description of the diagram follows: Top is a front and profile view of an African's head, with the mouth-piece and necklace, the hooks round which are placed to prevent an escapee when pursued in the woods and to hinder them from laying down the head to procure rest.
At letter A [see letter over mouth of figure on the right] is a flat iron which goes into the mouth, and so effectually keeps down the tongue, that nothing can be swallowed, not even the saliva, a passage for which is made through holes in the mouth-plate.
On the lower right is an enlarged view of this mouth piece which when long worn, becomes so heated as frequently to bring off...
As a youth, I was constantly drawing, painting, and experimenting in fine arts. Also, I had a strong interest in architecture. Today, I enjoy photography, history, drawing and painting.
I labored over 25 years in a pre-World War II aluminum mill, some of the time on catwalks above two-thousand degree, electrically charged molten metal. At the height of my career the plug was pulled when various globalist financiers ravaged the company. In my mid-40s, I returned to college and re-educated as a computer network engineer. I currently work for local government.
My wife is a Kyoto, Japan native, so I have photographed that area extensively and some of that will probably show up in my work here.
Thank you for stopping by, and I wish...
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