Papua New Guinea, satellite image. North is at top. Natural colour satellite image showing Papua New Guinea (centre) and the surrounding territories. Papua New Guinea is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean (blue), that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (large, centre left) and numerous offshore islands. It shares New Guinea with the Indonesian province of Papua (far left), and is located in a region known as Melanesia, part of Oceania. Image compiled from data acquired by the LANDSAT 5 and 7 satellites, in 2000.