Entitled Procession of refugees from the steamboat landing to the colored churches. Exodusters was a name given to African-Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late 19th century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of black people following the Civil War. The movement received substantial organizational support from prominent figures, Benjamin Singleton of Tennessee and Henry Adams of Louisiana. As many as forty thousand Exodusters left the South to settle in Kansas, Oklahoma and Colorado. The impact of the Exoduster migration on subsequent white treatment of African-Americans was mixed. On the one hand, the exodus did little to alleviate the national propensity for violence towards blacks. From the 1880s through the 1930s, the lynching of African-Americans increased, and some 3,000 lynchings took place during that period nationwide. On the other hand, the Exoduster migration seems to have had some impact on labor relations between southern black farm workers and their white employers. Temporary benefits accorded to counties with the highest black labor scarcity included better price terms in leasing contracts and shrinking long-term contract commitments. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, April 19, 1879.
April 22nd, 2019
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