David Hume. Caricature of the British philosopher and historian David Hume (1711-1776). Hume influenced the development of scepticism and empiricism. He rejected the idea of causality, claiming that one event would not necessarily lead to another - events were linked only by the imagination of the observer rather than by reason. In effect, Hume was rejecting scientific laws which state that one action necessarily produces another in a predictable manner. As an historian, Hume broke with tradition by explaining the intellectual and economic reasons behind events rather than just describing the events in a strictly chronological order.
May 2nd, 2013
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