"Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (18 March 1903 - 11 January 1944) was Foreign Minister of Fascist Italy from 1936 until 1943 and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law. On 11 January 1944, Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at the behest of his father-in-law, Mussolini, under pressure from Nazi Germany.
Ciano wrote and left behind a diary that has been used as a source by several historians, including William Shirer in his The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich and in the 4-hour HBO documentary-drama Mussolini and I.
At the time of the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Ciano did not agree with Mussolini's war plans and knew that Italy's armed forces were ill-prepared for a major war. When Mussolini formally declared war on France in 1940, he wrote in his diary, 'I am sad, very sad. The adventure begins. May God help Italy!'
After 1939, Ciano became increasingly disenchanted with Nazi Germany and the course of World War II, although when the Italian regime embar...