To the Ancient Greeks, the dove was perceived as Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty, and thus also invested with erotic connotations. As an attribute of the fertility goddess, the dove became a symbol of love between human beings, and between the deity and the worshipers. The Cyprians believed that Aphrodite (Anadomyne) rose from the sea, as she was born from an egg, brooded by a dove, and finally pushed ashore by a fish.
The Holy Spirit
In Christian Iconography, a dove also symbolizes the Holy Spirit, in reference to
Finally this flying feeling of spring and
Matthew 3:16 and Luke 3:22 where the Holy Spirit is compared to a dove at the Baptism of Jesus. The early Christians in Rome incorporated into their funerary art the image of a dove carrying an olive branch, often accompanied by the word "Peace". It seems that they derived this image from the simile in the Gospels, combining it with the symbol of the olive branch, which had been used to represent peace by the Greeks a...