Lauded as the greatest archaeological discovery of the 20th century, the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in this cave and ten others at Qumran, Israel, located near the northwest shoreline of the Dead Sea, the lowest land area on Earth at approximately 1,400 feet (427 meters) below sea level.
Pictured is legendary Cave No. 4 where, in 1952, 75% of all artifacts from the 11 Qumran caves were discovered, according to the Israeli Antiquities Authority. These consisted of portions of Hebrew Scriptures (the forerunner of several books featured in the Christian Old Testament), works on Jewish law, prayers, tefillin and mezuzot.
At the time of their discovery, these Biblical manuscripts were considered nearly 1,000 years older than any others previously known to exist!
Some scholars believe an ancient Jewish community known as the Essenes lived in this area during the Second Temple Period, which includes the time of Jesus.
I took this photo in November 2009 during my family's trip t...