Per Wikipedia: Rudesheim am Rhein is a winemaking town in the Rhine Gorge and thereby part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It lies in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis district in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. It is officially known as Rudesheim am Rhein, which distinguishes it from Rudesheim an der Nahe.
It is particularly famous for the Rheingauer Riesling white wine. Assmannshausen (a quarter of Rudesheim am Rhein), on the other hand, is the only spot in the Rheingau that grows red wine, and its Assmannshauser Spatburgunder, a Burgundy-type Pinot Noir, is very well regarded.
Rudesheim lies at the foot of the Niederwald on the Rhine's right (east) bank on the southern approach to the Lorelei. The town belongs to the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region and is one of Germany's biggest tourist attractions. Only Cologne Cathedral draws more tourists from other countries. Making the town worth visiting is, not only the wine or even the Old Town itself, but also the picturesque Rheingau landscape together with the romantic Rhine.
The area was settled first by the Celts, then after the turn of the Christian Era by Ubii and later by Mattiaci. In the first century, the Romans pushed forth to the Taunus. In Bingen they built a castrum, and on the other side, near what is now Rudesheim, lay a bridgehead on the way to the Limes.
The Romans were followed by the Alamanni, and along with the Migration Period (Volkerwanderung) came the Franks. Archaeological finds of glass from this time suggest that there was already winegrowing in Rudesheim even then. The town's origin as a Frankish Haufendorf (roughly, "clump village") can still be seen on today's town maps.
Rudesheim had its first documentary mention in 1074. Its livelihood came mainly from winegrowing and shipping, particularly timber rafting.
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Featured in the No Place Like Home group, November 2017.
October 29th, 2017
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