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In Iraq, whose culture stems from the rich heritage of the �Abbassid era, and which, thanks to its geographical situation, has remained in close contact with the ancient cradles of Islamic civilization (Iran, Turkey, Kurdistan) certain traditions of the maqam unknown in other Arab countries have been jealously guarded. [�]
It is somewhat heretical to reduce these maqam to a simple musical scale along Western lines, particularly as they do not merely consist of a particular scale but of melodic-rhythmic formulas which develop within the limits of one or more tetrachords. [�] The modern names of the different maqam are derived from their medieval designations; they can be place-names (Nahawand, a province in Persia; Hijaz, a province of Arabia), ethnic terms (Kurdi: Kurd) or allegorical (Rast: right; Awj: peak). Most of them take the Persian name of the degree as their keynote (Du-kah: second; Seh-Gah: third, etc.). This paint combines them all.
December 9th, 2014
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