The bold adobe construction of Mission Espiritu Santo near Goliad, Texas presents a stark and distinctive shape within the landscape.
Espiritu Santo, which translates, Holy Spirit, was established in in 1722 by the Franciscans. It was one of the most successful of the missions ministering the needs of Karankawa Indian tribes: the Cocos, Copanes, and Cujanes. In 1749, . Mission Espiritu Santo was moved to what was to be its fourth, final, and most successful site, on the lower San Antonio River, near present day Goliad. Here, the mission cattle ranching operation reached its peak. Herds, by some accounts, reached 40,000 head. In the years to come, Mission Espiritu Santo, along with the Royal Presidio of La Bahia, and the town of La Bahia, was to become one of the most important settlements in Spanish Texas.
The mission buildings and grounds are now part of Goliad State Park administered by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
September 13th, 2012
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